Hernia

Hernia

If you think you might have a hernia, you are not alone. According to the studies, about 5 in 10 people will develop a hernia every year. Probably you do not know the symptoms, types of hernia and the treatment options. Don’t worry. The best laparoscopic surgery hospital in Surat is here to explain all about the hernia.

What is Hernia?

A hernia occurs when an organ (such as part of the intestine) protrudes through a weak spot in the abdominal wall.  Hernias are most common in the abdominal area, but they can also appear in the upper thigh, belly button and groin areas.

However, most hernias are not immediately life-threatening but they do not go away on their own. If the hernia in the abdomen is large, the protruding organ becomes strangulated within the muscle or tissue that cuts off the blood supply or obstruct the bowel. This rare condition can be serious and require emergency surgery to prevent potentially dangerous complications – says Dr. Naresh, the Best laparoscopic surgeon in Surat at Kalp Hospital.

What causes a hernia?

Hernias are caused due to weakened muscles that are present since birth or associated with aging. Also, repeated strains on the abdominal and groin areas may cause a hernia. Such strains may come by:
  • Physical exercise
  • Straining during bowel movements
  • Pregnancy
  • Chronic coughing or sneezing
  • Constipation

What are the symptoms of a Hernia?

A hernia in the abdomen or groin can produce a bulge or lump that can be pushed back or disappear when lying down. Coughing or lifting heavy objects makes the lump reappear after it has been pushed in.

More signs and symptoms of a hernia include:
  • Swelling or bulge in the groin.
  • Burning or aching sensation in the area of the bulge.
  • Pain or discomfort in the abdomen or groin, especially when bending over, coughing and playing sports, etc.
  • Increase in the size of the bulge.
  • The feeling of weakness in the groin.

What are the types of hernia?

According to laparoscopic surgery experts at Kalp Hospital explains various types of hernia and their treatment methods.

The most common hernia types are:
  • Inguinal hernia: An inguinal hernia occurs when fatty tissue or part of the intestine protrudes through the abdominal wall or into the inguinal canal in the groin. This is the most common type of hernia that occurs more frequently in men than in women.
  • Femoral hernia: Femoral hernias develop when the intestine protrudes through the canal carrying the femoral artery and vein into the upper thigh. Because of the wider bone structure, femoral hernias tend to mainly affect older women.
  • Umbilical hernia: Umbilical hernias occur when fatty tissue or a part of the intestine pushes through the abdominal wall near the navel. This umbilical hernia is most common in newborns and pregnant women.
  • Hiatal hernia: Hiatal hernia happens when the upper part of the stomach bulges through an opening in the diaphragm. The diagram is the muscle that separates the chest from the abdomen that helps you breathe.
  • Incisional hernia: Incisional hernia or ventral hernias occurs when the tissue protrudes through the abdominal scar from previous abdominal surgery. However, incisional hernias do not go away on their own and require surgical treatment.
Other common types of hernia include:
  • Epigastric hernia: An epigastric hernia is a type of hernia that develops in the epigastric region of the abdominal wall (above the belly button and just below the sternum).
  • Spigelian hernia: This hernia occurs when intestine protrudes through the abdomen at the side of the abdominal muscle, below the navel.
  • Diaphragmatic hernia: A diaphragmatic hernia that occurs due to a birth defect, in which there is an abnormal opening in the diaphragm.

What are the treatments of hernia?

If the hernia is growing larger or causing pain then the hernia surgery is recommended to fix your painful hernias. The hernia surgeon repairs the hernia by sewing the hole in the abdominal wall closed during the surgery.

Although surgical options of hernias depend on the location and type of hernia, there are two main types of hernia surgery.
  • Open surgery: Most of the hernias in the abdominal wall are fixed under general anesthesia through cuts or large incisions. The surgeon gently pushes the hernia back into place, tie it off or remove it. Then the surgeon will close the weak area of the muscle where the hernia is pushed through with stitches.
  • Laparoscopic surgery: Laparoscopic hernia surgery is similar to other laparoscopic procedures. The surgeon uses a tiny camera and miniaturized surgical equipment to repair the hernia through small incisions in the lower abdomen. Laparoscopic repair of a hernia is less likely to cause infections. Also, we must follow appropriate precautions after hernia surgery.
It’s important to recognize the early symptoms of a hernia because untreated hernias will not heal on their own. However, with early medical care, you can minimize the effects of hernia and avoid life-threatening complications. Our hernia surgery experts at Kalp Hospital are capable of treating all types of hernias in a pain-free and patient-friendly manner.

Schedule an appointment today!